theory of the Science of Unitary Human Beings

theory of the Science of Unitary Human Beings.

theory of the Science of Unitary Human Beings ( nursing theory )

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Brief background of Martha E.Rogers

Martha Elizabeth Rogers (May 12, 1914 – March 13, 1994) was an American nurse, she was born in Dallas, Texas the oldest of four children

Martha E. Rogers, one of nursing’s foremost scientists

she completed her BS in public health nursing at George Peabody College 1937.

She earning both a master’s of public health and a doctor of science degree from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland.

After graduation from Johns Hopkins, Rogers was appointed head of the Division of Nursing at New York University

Socio Political context during the time the theory was formulated

Martha Rogers’ development of the Science of Unitary Human Beings has become an influential nursing theory in the United States.

When first introduced it was considered radical, and difficult to understand, also it considered profound and was too ambitious but now is simply thought to be ahead of its time.

This conceptual framework has greatly influenced all facets of nursing by offering an alternative to traditional approaches of nursing.


(1.1.1) Theory assumptions

The assumptions of Rogers’ Theory of Unitary Human Beings are as follows:

(1) Man is a unified whole possessing his own integrity and manifesting characteristics that are more than and different from the sum of his parts.

(2) Man and environment are continuously exchanging matter and energy with one another.

(3) The life process evolves irreversibly and unidirectionally along the space-time continuum.

(4) Pattern and organization identify the man and reflect his innovative wholeness. And lastly,

(5) Man is characterized by the capacity for abstraction and imagery, language and thought sensation and emotion.

(1.1) Structural Components

(1.1) Structural Component (continued)

(1.1.2) Concepts

The following are the major concepts and metaparadigm of Martha Rogers’ nursing theory:

A- Human-unitary human beings

A person is defined as an indivisible, pan-dimensional energy field identified by a pattern, and manifesting characteristics specific to the whole, and that can’t be predicted from knowledge of the parts. A person is also a unified whole, having its own distinct characteristics that can’t be viewed by looking at, describing, or summarizing the parts.

(1.1) Structural Component (continued)

(1.1.2) Concepts


Rogers defines health as an expression of the life process.

It is the characteristics and behavior coming from the mutual, simultaneous interaction of the human and environmental fields, and health and illness are part of the same continuum.

The multiple events occurring during the life process show the extent to which a person is achieving his or her maximum health potential.

The events vary in their expressions from greatest health to those conditions that are incompatible with the maintaining life process.

(1.1) Structural Component (continued)

(1.1.2) Concepts


It is the study of unitary, irreducible, indivisible human and environmental fields: people and their world. Rogers claims that nursing exists to serve people, and the safe practice of nursing depends on the nature and amount of scientific nursing knowledge the nurse brings to his or her practice

(1.1) Structural Component (continued)

(1.1.2) Concepts

D-Scope of Nursing

Nursing aims to assist people in achieving their maximum health potential. Maintenance and promotion of health, prevention of disease, nursing diagnosis, intervention, and rehabilitation encompass the scope of nursing’s goals.

Nursing is concerned with people-all people-well and sick, rich and poor, young and old. The arenas of nursing’s services extend into all areas where there are people: at home, at school, at work, at play; in hospital, nursing home, and clinic; on this planet and now moving into outer space.

(1.1) Structural Component (continued)

(1.1.2) Concepts

E- Environmental Field

“An irreducible, indivisible, pandimensional energy field identified by pattern and integral with the human field.”

F- Energy Field

The energy field is the fundamental unit of both the living and the non-living. It provides a way to view people and the environment as irreducible wholes. The energy fields continuously vary in intensity, density, and extent.

(1.1) Structural Component (continued)

(1.1.3) Propositions

Unitary human beings/environments are dynamic fields of energy.

A positive human/environment energy field decreases anxiety and tension in patients.

A nurse who identifies patterns of human/environment energy fields will provide individualized care.

(1.2) Functional Components

theory of the Science of Unitary Human Beings