According to Called to Care, the philosophical and theological underpinnings of nursing do not really matter, as long as the actual practice of nursing remains caring and respectful.
The belief that science is good for society.
The view that science is a good way of knowing facts about the world.
The view that science is the best or only way to have knowledge of the world.
Scientism just is science.
The attempt to derive an ought from an is, best describes:
The fact-value distinction
The fact-value distinction is:
The fact that there are values in the real world.
The fact that there is a distinction between “facts” and “values” such that moral judgments are the evaluating of facts.
The problem of deriving a value from a fact.
The distinction between statements of etiquette and statements of true morality.
In his 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas Kuhn argued that:
Science is the only purely objective field that is not tainted by the bias of culture, religion, or philosophy.
Scientific revolutions have largely taken place in secular or nonreligious societies.
Science is not value-free or purely objective, and our perceptions and values shape our understanding of reality.
Science is the best or only way to have any knowledge of the world.
Relativism holds that all truth is relative such that it is in some way invented and determined by either individuals or cultures.
According to Called to Care, the philosophical and theological underpinnings of nursing do not really matter, as long as the actual practice of nursing remains caring
A fundamental thesis of this course is that:
Religion and spirituality have too much influence upon the field of health care.
Science is always opposed to and damaging to religion.
Scientism and relativism are at the heart of the perceived tension between science and religion/spirituality.
All of the above
According to empiricism:
Science is controlled by power structures or empires.
All knowledge is derived from experience.
All knowledge is derived from religious authority
a and c
Nursing and medicine are synonyms or the same thing.
According to conceptualism, the world exists “out there,” independent of the knower.