systematic inquiry to develop knowledge about issues of importance to the nursing profession.

systematic inquiry to develop knowledge about issues of importance to the nursing profession..

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Question

Tell whether the following statement is true or false:

Nursing research is systematic inquiry using disciplined methods to solve problems.

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Answer

False

Research is systematic inquiry using disciplined methods to solve problems. Nursing research is systematic inquiry to develop knowledge about issues of importance to the nursing profession.

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

What Is Research?

Systematic inquiry using disciplined methods to solve problems
Nursing research

Systematic inquiry to develop knowledge about issues of importance to the nursing profession
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Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Consumer–Producer Continuum

Consumers: nurses who read and evaluate research reports or summaries
Producers: nurses who design and undertake research studies
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Question

Tell whether the following statement is true or false:

Producers of research design and undertake studies.

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Answer

True

Knowledge of nursing research enhances the professional practice of both consumers of research (who read and evaluate studies) and producers of research (who design and undertake studies).

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Contemporary Emphasis

Evidence-based practice projects
Replications
Research integration through systematic review
Multisite and interdisciplinary studies
Expanded dissemination efforts
Increased focus on health disparities
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Sources of Evidence for Nursing Practice

Tradition
Authority
Clinical experience, trial and error, intuition
Logical reasoning (inductive and deductive)
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What Is a Paradigm?

A world view; a general perspective on the complexities of the real world, with certain assumptions about reality

Key paradigms for nursing research:

Positivist paradigm
Naturalistic paradigm
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What Is the Nature of Reality?

Positivist assumption: Reality exists; there is a real world driven by natural causes.
Naturalistic assumption: Reality is multiple and subjective, constructed by individuals.
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Question

What occurs in the positivist paradigm?

Reality is not fixed.

Reality is fixed.

Associated with qualitative research

Subjective, narrative materials

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Answer

B

Positivist paradigm reality is fixed and is associated with quantitative research. Constructivist paradigm reality is not fixed and is associated with qualitative research and subjective, narrative materials.

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

How Is Knowledge Obtained?

Positivist Constructivist

Fixed design Flexible design

Discrete, specific concepts Holistic

Deductive processes Inductive processes

Control over context Context-bound

Verification of hunches Emerging interpretations

Quantitative information Qualitative information

Seeks generalizations Seeks patterns

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Research

Basic: extending information for sake of knowledge
Applied: discovering solutions to immediate problems
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Key Evidence-Based Practice

Treatment/therapy/intervention
Assessment and diagnosis
Prognosis
Harm and etiology
Meaning and process

systematic inquiry to develop knowledge about issues of importance to the nursing profession.