Nursing 393: End of Life Care Research Proposal Assignment Writing your proposal: Students’ research proposals must contain a MAIN IDEA; what is the paper about? What will it explore and examine? Students must include a plan of development and an annotated bibliography of at least six sources, which will successfully prepare students for the literature search and PICO question for the final paper. Part One – Introduction and Explanation (at least 1 full page) Begin with an introductory section clarifying what your topic is and why you want to do research on this clinical topic. In this paragraph, include what your PICO question will be and how you intend to proceed in organizing your paper. Part Two – Annotated Bibliography (at least 6 sources and a paragraph for each in APA format) An annotated bibliography includes a summary and an evaluation of each of the sources. Each source must summarize, assess, and reflect. ″ Summarize: Some annotations merely summarize the source. What are the main arguments? What is the point of this book or article? What topics are covered? The length of your annotations will determine how detailed your summary is. ″ Assess: After summarizing a source, it may be helpful to evaluate it. Is it a useful and credible source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Is the information reliable? Is this source biased or objective? What is the goal of this source? ″ Reflect: Once you’ve summarized and assessed a source, you need to ask how it fits into your research. Was this source helpful to you? How does it help you shape your argument? How can you use this source in your research project? Has it changed how you think about your topic? SAMPLE ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ENTRY FOR A JOURNAL ARTICLE The following examples use APA format for the journal citation. Phillips, C. D., Spry, K. M., Sloane, P. D., & Hawes, C. (2000). Use of physical restraints and psychotropic medications in Alzheimer special care units in nursing homes. American Journal of Public Health 90: 92‐6. Retrieved from hkp://www.ajph.org/. In this article, the authors question whether or not Alzheimer’s patients are Units (SCU) in nursing homes. They found, however, that these patients were no less likely to be restrained and in fact, they were more likely to receive psychotropic medication. This study looked at a large amount of data (1100 residents in 48 SCUs) from a small geographical area—only four U.S. states. The extents to which the findings of this study apply to Alberta are unclear, particularly since these standards vary considerably from state to state. Nevertheless, the authors speculate that SCUs led something of a revolution in Alzheimer’s patient care—these units demonstrated that the use of physical restraints could be avoided, and that may account for the similarity in use in both SCUs and regular units. Waite, L. J., Goldschneider, F. K., & Witsberger, C. (1986). Nonfamily living and the erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults. American Sociological Review, 51 (4), 541-554. The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living. This article will shape my research by providing the reader with both sides of the argument as well as strengthening the proposed research question. Part Three – The Plan (at least 1 full page) Write a brief explanation of your process. How will you attack this research paper? What will you do first, second, third, fourth? You can comment on difficulties you have had/are having and ways you might seek additional help. Checklist: ϖ Is the introduction at least one full page and is the topic and PICO question stated? ϖ Does the annotated bibliography follow the APA guidelines? ϖ Is your plan of action at least one full page and do you have it organized in steps?