Different types of evidence to gain the best understanding of mental health.

Question 2
This question carries 40% of the marks for this assignment and assesses module learning outcomes KU5, CS4 and KS2. It is relevant to SDK228 Book 1, the associated multimedia map activities, and the article provided for Question 1 in this TMA.

The purpose of this question is to show that you can draw across a range of information from SDK228 to illustrate and evaluate key concepts in mental health. The skill of using e.g. evidence and examples from SDK228, correctly referenced, will be essential for the essay questions in future assignments on this module. Please note that only materials provided to you as part of the module should be used for this question and for your essays in future assignments. We do not expect you to include outside sources of information.

The title for your answer is:

‘Why we need different types of evidence to understand mental health’

[Word limit: 1000 words]

Advice from the module team:

To try to understand mental health we can obtain evidence from one person e.g. published case studies and personal narratives, or from groups of people e.g. experimental and correlational studies. Each of these types of evidence has positives but each also has negatives. The purpose of this essay is to show what you know about these different types of evidence and their pros and cons, and that you can use this information to construct an argument about why we need these different types of evidence to gain the best understanding of mental health.

You should start your essay with an introduction that briefly outlines what you will be discussing, setting the context for your essay. You also need to clearly state your argument concerning the usefulness of these types of evidence. Please refer to the SDK228 Guide to Effective Assignment Writing for more help. (Word guidance: 100 words, 4 marks)

Then write four separate paragraphs as follows (Word guidance: 200 words each, 6 marks each):

A paragraph that explains what ‘personal narratives’ are, describing their key features and discussing the advantages and disadvantages of this type of evidence with one illustrative example
A paragraph that explains what ‘case studies’ are, describing their key features and discussing the advantages and disadvantages of them with one illustrative example
A paragraph that explains what experiments are, noting the key features of them and discussing the advantages and disadvantages of them with one illustrative example
A paragraph that explains what correlational studies are, noting their key features and discussing the advantages and disadvantages of them with one illustrative example.
Finally, you should write a conclusion summarising your essay and drawing your argument to a close. Make sure your conclusion reflects what you have written in your essay and does not introduce any new information. (Word guidance: 100 words, 4 marks)

Please note that it is acceptable to draw on the article you studied for Question 1 in your essay here. Your marks will be awarded on your ability to draw across a range of module resources including the multimedia map, in addition to Book 1.

A total of 8 marks are available for correct in-text citations, references in your reference list, clarity and quality of writing including use of scientific terminology, and appropriate paragraph and sentence structure.

For guidance on how to reference your sources, please see the OU Harvard Referencing Guide available from the Open University library. You should cross reference this guidance with the information contained in the SDK228 Guide (Section 9).

You may also wish to use the SDK228 Essay Building Tool to help you to plan and draft your essay. Please note that if you do use the essay building tool it is vital that you do not submit your essay in the essay building tool itself. You must follow all steps associated with using the tool and extract all the text that you entered into the tool into a final essay that you can then finalise and submit as your answer to this question. If you do submit your essay still in the essay tool you will lose some of the marks available for this question.