Determine the importance of using the nursing process in community health nursing.
Module #1 Community Health Assessment using the Nursing Process Course Objectives 1) Determine the importance of using the nursing process in community health nursing 2) Compare the different data collection methods as they relate to the community health needs 3) Construct a plan to meet the health needs for a defined community based upon assessment data Student Learning Outcomes At the completion of the module, the student will 1) Interpret public health data in relation to the care of patient populations in a targeted community. 2) Examine a public health issue using the nursing process for a targeted community. Content Overview The module will introduce students to community identification, data collection methods, data analysis, and the implications of the nursing process on the given community. Focusing on the steps of the nursing process, students working within small groups will apply content focus and interaction methods to examine a public health issue within a specific subsystem of the community at large, develop an action plan that involves community resources and evaluate the effectiveness of that plan. Learning Resources Lundy, K.S. & Barton, J.A. (2016). Community and population health: Assessment and intervention. In Lundy, K. & Janes, S. (Eds.), Community health nursing: Caring for the public’s health (3rd ed.). (pp. 34–60). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Gibson, M. E. & Thatcher, E.J. (2015). Community as client: Assessment and analysis. In M. Stanhope, & J. Lancaster (Eds.), Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community (9th ed.). (pp. 396-421). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). What is a community health assessment? Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/publichealthgateway/cha/plan.html Public Health Centers for Excellence. (2015, April 7). Community health assessment process: Six common phases. [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vKNHzb-ww-M Learning Activity Public Service Announcement after conducting a windshield survey on a virtual community. Students will be introduced to a virtual urban community environment named Morland City. Students working in groups of five will conduct a windshield survey by taking a tour around the virtual community while observing the environment and the culturally diverse citizens of Morland City. Students will assess potential health issues and risks within this environment. Students will collect and analyze objective data through learned methods. Students should focus upon characteristics of the eight subsystems that comprise the community, i.e., physical environment, public safety, transportation, politics and government, health care services, social services, educational system, economics, and their impact on the community. The groups will be randomly assigned to identify a public health problem within one of the subsystems based upon the collective results within the virtual community. Student groups will plan, develop, and format a five-minute public service announcement along with the presentation of pertinent assessment findings and strengths and limitations of resources within the community. Module #2 Epidemiology Course Objectives 1) Utilize critical and creative thinking to integrate evidence-based strategies in the care of individuals in a variety of community health settings. 2) Examine issues related to obtaining and maintaining appropriate levels of immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases and controlling the spread of communicable diseases. 3) Explain the function and impact of local, state, and national health care agencies’ public health policies on communicable diseases. Student Learning Outcomes At the completion of the module, the student will 1) determine priority health interventions to control communicable diseases in the community based upon an understanding of the epidemiological process. 2) identify disease-related risk factors in an affected population compared to an unaffected population. Content Overview Explain the basic principles of epidemiology, including risk factors, rates of communicable diseases, vaccination programs, disease determinants, public health surveillance and investigation, prevalence, incidence, morbidity, and mortality. There will be a discussion on the issues related to educating, obtaining, and maintaining appropriate levels of immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases and controlling the spread of communicable disease. Concerning the basic understanding of the epidemiological process, students can apply their knowledge and critical thinking skills in prioritizing interventions to reduce the spread and prevention of diseases in the community. A discussion on the impact of various levels of public agencies and their scope on the topic of communicable diseases will be explored. Learning Resources Bhopal, R. S., (2016). What is epidemiology? The nature, scope, variables, principal measures, and designs of a biological, clinical, social, and ecological science. R. S. Bhopal (Ed.). Concepts of epidemiology: integrating the ideas, theories, principles, and methods of epidemiology (3rd ed.). (pp. 1-21). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016, June 1). Introduction to public health surveillance. [Video file].